Q. Why Are Masters Champions Presented with a Green Jacket?
Each year, the winner of The Masters is presented with the famous "Green Jacket." Slipping on the green jacket is the golden moment for many winners of the tournament. But how did a green jacket come to be such a big deal? What is the story behind the vaunted Green Jacket? A. Let's face it: if you saw someone walking around in public in a shamrock green jacket, you'd probably think that person was severely fashion-challenged. Shamrock green jackets are, well, ugly. But the Green Jacket presented to the Masters champion is one beautiful piece of outerwear. The tradition of the Green Jacket at Augusta National Golf Club dates to 1937. That year, members of the club wore green jackets during the tournament so that fans in attendance could easily spot them if they needed to ask questions.
According to the official website of The Masters: "Jackets were purchased from the Brooks Uniform Company, New York City ... Members were not initially enthusiastic about wearing the warm, green coat. Within several years, a lightweight, made-to-order Jacket was available from the Club's Golf Shop. The single breasted, single vent Jacket's color is 'Masters Green' and is adorned with an Augusta National Golf Club logo on the left chest pocket. The logo also appears on the brass buttons." Soon, the Green Jacket became the symbol of membership in the ultra-exclusive Augusta National Golf Club. And slipping a jacket onto the winner of The Masters - a tradition that began in 1949 - symbolized that golfer's entry into the exclusive club of Masters champions.
A trivia quiz on Augusta National and the Masters
AUGUSTA, Ga. (AP) — How well do you know the history of the Masters? Try this quiz
THE COURSE 1. What had occupied the land that was purchased for Augusta National? a.) First Baptist Church b.) Fruitland Nurseries c.) Waffle House ___ 2. What makes the 14th hole different from all others at Augusta National? a.) It has no bunkers. b.) It's the only hole not named after a flower. c.) It's the only hole where Jack Nicklaus never made a birdie. ___ 3.) An Augusta National member was denied his request to have a loblolly pine removed on the 17th hole. What was this member's occupation at the time? a.) Chairman of Coca-Cola Co. b.) Commissioner of the NFL c.) President of the United States ___ 4. Who is the writer who coined the phrase "Amen Corner" at Augusta National? a.) Grantland Rice b.) Jim Murray c.) Herbert Warren Wind ___ 5. Who made the highest score on the shortest hole at Augusta National? a.) Tom Weiskopf b.) John Daly c.) Tommy Nakajima ___ 6. The par-3 fourth hole has yielded only one ace in 80 years at the Masters. Who made it? a.) Curtis Strange b.) Jeff Sluman c.) Billy Joe Patton ___ THE CHAMPIONS 7. Who is the only player to complete the career Grand Slam at the Masters? a.) Ben Hogan b.) Gary Player c.) Gene Sarazen ___ 8. Who shot the lowest final round to win the Masters? a.) Jack Nicklaus b.) Gary Player c.) Charl Schwartzel ___ 9. Who is the only multiple Masters champion to never have the lead going into the final round? a.) Nick Faldo b.) Arnold Palmer c.) Phil Mickelson ___ 10. Who is the only Masters champion to win a sudden-death playoff with a bogey? a.) Angel Cabrera b.) Mike Weir c.) Nick Faldo ___ 11. Who has won the most green jackets? a.) Tiger Woods b.) Arnold Palmer c.) Jack Nicklaus ___ 12. Who is the only Masters champion to start the final round outside the top 10? a.) Arnold Palmer b.) Art Wall c.) Seve Ballesteros ___ THE MOMENTS 13. What is known as the "shot heard 'round the world" at Augusta National? a.) Tiger Woods chipping in for birdie on the 16th in 2005. b.) Gene Sarazen holing out from 235 yards for an albatross on the 15th in 1935. c.) Jack Nicklaus hitting 1-iron off the pin at the 15th in 1986. ___ 14. Who was the first player to shoot 63 at the Masters? a.) Greg Norman b.) Johnny Miller c.) Nick Price ___ 15. Who blew the biggest final-round lead at the Masters? a.) Jordan Spieth b.) Ken Venturi c.) Greg Norman ___ 16. Who signed an incorrect scorecard that kept him out of a playoff at the Masters? a.) Tommy Aaron b.) Roberto De Vicenzo c.) Ed Sneed ___ 17. Who was the last player to finish birdie-birdie and win the Masters by one shot? a.) Charl Schwartzel b.) Phil Mickelson c.) Mark O'Meara ___ 18. Who won the Masters four days after serving as a pallbearer at the funeral of his swing coach? a.) Ben Crenshaw b.) Jack Nicklaus c.) Tom Watson
The Answers will be revealed in the next Newsletter
The Worst Scores In Masters Tournament History
We tend to focus on the bests when talking about golf records, and you can find those in our Masters Records article. But it turns out that the worsts are also pretty interesting. Below are the worst scores in Masters history, starting with single-hole scores, moving on to the worst rounds, and finishing with the worst total scores. Worst Scores on One Hole in The Masters13 - Sergio Garcia, Hole 15 (par-5), 2018 13 - Tom Weiskopf, Hole 12 (par-3), 1980 13 - Tommy Nakajima, Hole 13 (par-5), 1978 Tom Weiskopf put a total of five balls into Rae's Creek - one off the tee, four more from the drop area. Nakajima found water off the tee, laid up short of the 13th green after the penalty drop, then hit into the water again in front of the green. He tried to hit the ball out of the water, but incurred two penalties: first when the ball landed on his shoe after he tried to play it; then, when he and his caddie fumbled his sand wedge and it touched the water. And Garcia in 2018? He hit five consecutive balls in the water ... as the defending champion. Other Masters holes with double-digit worsts:
Hole No. 2: High score of 10 on this hole by Sam Byrd in 1948 and David Duvalin 2006
Hole No. 8: High score of 12 on this hole by Frank Walsh in 1935
Hole No. 15: High score of 11 on this hole by Jumbo Ozaki in 1987, Ben Crenshaw in 1997 and Ignacio Garrido in 1998
Hole No. 16: High score of 11 on this hole by Herman Barron in 1950
Highest First-Round Score in The Masters94 - Doug Ford, 2000 92 - Tommy Aaron, 2003 92 - Horton Smith, 1962 91 - Ben Crenshaw, 2015 91 - Horton Smith, 1963 91 - a-Chick Evans, 1960 91 - Fred McLeod, 1955 90 - a-Chick Evans, 1959 90 - Jock Hutchison, 1956 90 - a-Frank Souchak, 1954 89 - Charles Coody, 2006 89 - Arnold Palmer, 2002 89 - Arnold Palmer, 1997 89 - Frank Conner, 1982 89 - a-Douglas Clarke, 1980 89 - Ralph Guldahl, 1972 89 - Fred McLeod, 1959 89 - a-Jess Sweetser, 1936
Most of these scores were by aging former champions (or aging golfers who never won the Masters but kept getting invitations because they were friends of Bobby Jones). Doug Ford (1957 Masters champ) was 77 in 2000. He teed off in 2001, but walked off after one hole; in 2002, Augusta National sent him a letter asking him to stop playing. Billy Casper received one of those letters, too, but he defied Augusta to play one last round in 2005 ... and shot 106. But because he never turned in the scorecard, that round is considered "unofficial" and not included in the records. (Casper would also have the record for highest single-hole score - 14 - if his round was official.) Frank Souchak was the brother of 15-time PGA Tour winner Mike Souchak; and Frank Conner was a PGA Tour player who also played in the U.S. Open of tennis. Highest Second-Round Scores94 - Doug Ford, 1997 89 - Billy Casper, 1995 89 - a-Chick Evans, 1960 88 - Doug Ford, 1996 88 - a-Trevor Homer, 1973 88 - Horton Smith, 1962 88 - Denny Shute, 1961 88 - Jock Hutchison, 1956 88 - Fred McLeod, 1951 87 - Arnold Palmer, 1998 87 - Arnold Palmer, 1997 87 - a-Chick Evans, 1959 87 - a-Don Cherry, 1958 87 - a-Edward Meister, 1955 Trevor Homer was a 2-time British Amateur champion. Highest Third-Round Scores89 - Denny Shute, 1956 88 - a-James Frisina, 1952 87 - Calvin Peete, 1983 87 - a-Bill Booe, 1956 86 - Tommy Aaron, 2000 86 - Johnny Farrell, 1956 86 - Bill Nary, 1948 86 - a-Chick Evans, 1940
Frisina was a lifetime amateur who earned an invitation (awarded at the time) as a U.S. Amateur quarterfinalist, as did Booe (a semifinalist). Four years after his third-round 86 here, Bill Nary posted the second-ever round of 60 on the PGA Tour at the El Paso Open, taking only seven putts over his final nine holes. Highest Fourth-Round Scores95 - a-Charles Kunkle, 1956 88 - Craig Wood, 1956 88 - a-William Goodloe, 1951 87 - a-Robert Sweeny Jr., 1936 86 - Jodie Mudd, 1983 86 - Lindy Miller, 1979 86 - Donald Fairfield, 1956 86 - a-William Goodloe, 1952 86 - Errie Ball, 1934 86 - a-Fred Kammer, 1948 86 - William Campbell, 1951 86 - a-Charlie Yates, 1946
Kunkle's 95 is the highest 18-hole score in Masters history (not counting Casper's unofficial 106). Kunkle is another golfer who got into the tournament during the days when it awarded spots to U.S. Amateur quarterfinalists. William Goodloe appears twice above. His nickname was "Dynamite," and he blew up in these two rounds. He was a dominant player in Georgia amateur circles at the time of his Masters invitations. Fred Kammer was a member of the 1947 Walker Cup team - and also the USA's 1936 Olympic hockey team (he earned a bronze medal). Worst First Round By the Eventual Winner75 - Craig Stadler, 1982 74 - Tiger Woods, 2005 74 - Mark O'Meara, 1998 74 - Jose Maria Olazabal, 1994 74 - Jack Nicklaus, 1986 74 - Jack Nicklaus, 1963 74 - Sam Snead, 1954 74 - Horton Smith, 1936
Stadler followed his 75 at the 1982 Masters with rounds of 69, 67 and 73, then beat Dan Pohl in a playoff. Worst Final Round By a Winner75 - Trevor Immelman, 2008 75 - Arnold Palmer, 1962 74 - Jack Nicklaus, 1972 74 - Gary Player, 1961 74 - Herman Keiser, 1946 Worst Overall Masters Round By a Winner77 - Nick Faldo, third round, 1989 77 - Sam Snead, third round, 1952 76 - Zach Johnson, third round, 2007 76 - Jack Nicklaus, second round, 1966 75 - Trevor Immelman, fourth round, 2008 75 - Mike Weir, third round, 2003 75 - Craig Stadler, first round, 1982 75 - Arnold Palmer, fourth round, 1962 75 - Jack Burke Jr., third round, 1956 75 - Sam Snead, second round, 1949 75 - Byron Nelson, third round, 1937
At the 1952 Masters, Sam Snead's 77 didn't hurt him much because scores were high for everyone that day. He shot 72 in the final round and won by four. At the 1989 Masters, Nick Faldo followed his 77 with a 65 and beat Scott Hoch in a playoff. Worst First Round by a Golfer Who Made the CutThe Masters instituted a cut after two rounds beginning in 1957. 81 - Bob Goalby, 1982 (shot 72 in second round) 80 - Mark Hensby, 2006 (67 in Round 2) 80 - Greg Norman, 2000 (68 in Round 2) 80 - Ray Floyd, 1988 (69 in Round 2) 80 - Jeff Sluman, 1988 (71 in Round 2) 80 - Hubert Green, 1987 (71 in Round 2) 80 - Curtis Strange, 1985 (65 in Round 2) 80 - a-Bill Sander, 1977 (69 in Round 2) 80 - Rod Funseth, 1966 (70 in Round 2) 80 - a-Billy Joe Patton, 1963 (72 in Round 2) 80 - Dick Mayer, 1957 (70 in Round 2)
Curtis Strange led the 1985 Masters by three strokes with six holes to play, but finished tied for second. Worst Masters Scores By a Golfer After Making the Cut(Cut after two rounds instituted in 1957) 87 - Calvin Peete, third round, 1983 86 - Tommy Aaron, third round, 2000 86 - Jodie Mudd, fourth round, 1983 86 - Lindy Miller, fourth round, 1979 85 - Kevin Na, third round, 2016 85 - a-Charlie Coe, third round, 1966 84 - Aaron Oberholser, third round, 2007 84 - Ben Crenshaw, third round, 2007 84 - John Huston, third round, 1993 84 - T.C. Chen, fourth round, 1989 84 - a-Joe Carr, fourth round, 1967 84 - Stephen Opperman, fourth round, 1966 84 - Luis Silverio, fourth round, 1966 84 - Lew Worsham, fourth round, 196
Cal Peete was on the leaderboard at 142 in 1983, but then shot 87-80 on the weekend. The same year, Jodie Mudd was only two strokes off the lead in the fourth round, shot 86 and wound up 42nd. Worst 72-Hole Scores in The Masters340 - a-Charles Kunkle Jr., 1956 336 - Horton Smith, 1956 334 - Cyril Walker, 1934 332 - a-C. Bayard Mitchell, 1934 331 - a-Chick Evans, 1940 328 - Johnny Revolta, 1956 328 - a-Chick Evans, 1953 327 - a-Davis Love Jr., 1955 326 - a-Bill Booe, 1956 325 - Lawson Little, 1956 325 - a-Don Cherry, 1956 325 - Leslie Kennedy, 1950 324 - Denny Shute, 1956 324 - a-Edward Meister, 1955 324 - Sam Parks, 1954 324 - a-Frank Strafaci, 1950
There's our man Kunkle again. Kunkle shot 78 in the opening round, but got worse each round: 82, 85 and finally that 95. All of these scores happened in the pre-cut era. And seven of them happened in 1956. Is it just a coincidence that a cut was introduced at the 1957 Masters? Probably not. Which leads us to ... Worst 72-Hole Masters Scores By a Golfer Who Made the Cut314 - a-Luis Silverio, 1966 314 - Jimmy Hitchcock, 1966 313 - Fuzzy Zoeller, 2007 313 - Tommy Aaron, 2000 313 - a-Joe Carr, 1967 312 - a-Bob Murphy, 1966 312 - Bob Goalby, 1966 311 - Billy Mayfair, 2007 311 - a-Ward Wettlaufer, 1960 310 - Aaron Oberholser, 2007 310 - DeWitt Weaver, 1972 Highest 72-Hole Score by a Winner289 - Zach Johnson, 2007 289 - Jack Burke Jr., 1956 289 - Sam Snead, 1954